Does fund size matter in liquid funds?


When it comes to making wise investment choices, liquid funds have been a popular option for many. They offer a safe and efficient way to park your surplus funds, providing liquidity and potentially higher returns compared to a regular savings account. But a question that often arises in the minds of investors is, “Does fund size matter in liquid funds?” In this article, let us explore the dynamics of fund size in the context of liquid funds in India.

Understanding liquid funds

Liquid funds are a type of mutual fund that primarily invests in short-term money market instruments such as Treasury Bills, Commercial Papers, and Certificates of Deposit. These funds are known for their high liquidity and low-risk profile, making them a preferred choice for parking surplus cash or emergency funds. Here are the key benefits of investing in liquid funds.

  1. High liquidity:Liquid funds offer quick and easy access to your funds, allowing you to redeem your investment within 1-2 business days, making them an ideal choice for emergency funds.
  2. Safety:These funds primarily invest in low-risk, short-term debt instruments, reducing the risk of capital loss and providing a safer alternative to keeping large sums in a savings account.
  3. Low expense ratios:Liquid funds typically have lower expense ratios than other mutual funds, ensuring cost-effectiveness for investors.
  4. No entry or exit load:Most liquid funds do not charge entry or exit loads, making them a cost-effective investment option.
  5. Flexibility:Investors can start with nominal amounts as low as ₹1,000 through SIPs and get the flexibility to withdraw or invest as per their financial needs.

Does the size of the fund matter in liquid fund investments?

Many investors believe that a larger liquid fund is inherently better. The logic behind this perception is that a bigger fund would have more assets under management (AUM), which could translate into better returns. While it’s true that a substantial AUM can offer certain advantages, it doesn’t guarantee superior performance in the context of liquid funds.

  1. Efficiency in deployment

A larger AUM does enable fund managers to diversify their investments more effectively. However, in the case of liquid funds, where the investments are predominantly short-term and highly liquid, the size of the fund may not be a decisive factor. The key to success for liquid funds lies in the skilful deployment of mutual funds in the right money market instruments to generate consistent returns.

  1. Expense ratio impact

Another factor to consider is the expense ratio. Larger funds may have higher operational costs, which can result in a higher expense ratio. This can eat into the overall returns generated by the fund. Smaller liquid funds may have the advantage of lower expenses, which could translate into better net returns for investors.

  1. Potential for concentration risk

On the flip side, excessively large liquid funds might be prone to concentration risk. If a fund becomes too big, it could struggle to efficiently deploy its assets without significantly impacting the prices of the underlying securities. This might lead to a decrease in overall returns and liquidity.


In liquid funds, it is not the size of the fund that matters the most but rather the fund manager’s skill in deploying assets efficiently. While a larger fund may offer some advantages in terms of diversification, it’s essential to consider factors like expense ratios and concentration risk.

In the world of investments, the choice of investment in liquid funds ultimately depends on your financial goals, risk tolerance, and investment horizon. Regardless of your choice, staying informed and making well-informed decisions is the key to successful investing in the dynamic financial landscape of India.

So, whether you are considering liquid funds, index funds, or any other type of fund for that matter, remember that it’s not just about the size; it’s about making the right choices to achieve your financial objectives.